It is possible to prevent, delay and halt the visible signs of ageing! To begin to understand what you can do, you need to know the basic structure of the skin, what changes occur naturally and what factors accelerate ageing. The diagram below shows the difference in structure between younger and older skin. The main obvious difference is the massive reduction in both collagen and elastin fibres.
Young skin is firm and plump and has high levels of good quality collagen and elastin fibres. The fibroblasts cells that produce these fibres actually become sluggish from as early as age 28. From age 28 onwards the skin cell health is in decline.
Sun, smoking, stress and pollutants produce free radicals in the skin. Free radicals damage the skin by binding themselves to the skin cells. Reducing your exposure to these risks reduce the numbers of free radicals in the skin, thus slowing skin cell damage and ageing. No matter your age it is never too late to make good lifestyle choices.
Genetics. There are people who look young for their age and unfortunately there are some people who age prematurely.
Lifestyle and environment factors are where you can intervene to slow down ageing.
From as early as age 20 - 35 ageing typically occurs in the skin. Typical changes are in texture of skin and the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. From age 28 or when signs of ageing occur younger than 28 it is important to begin an anti-ageing programme, typically involving using retinol products. The type and strength of retinol products would depend on the condition of the skin. When wrinkles begin to develop, anti-wrinkle injections are an amazing preventive treatment and combined with an anti-ageing skin care regime will certainly help to press a pause button on ageing.
From as early as 30 - 50, ageing advances and more significant changes to the structure of the face occur, such as reductions and displacement of fat, muscles and connective tissue. Changes here are noticeable, such as looser skin, sunken features and general thinning of the skin and face. When visible signs of ageing are present a combination of stimulation and repair is required for the skin. Stimulation treatments such as laser treatment and skin tightening along with a stronger anti-ageing protocol would be advised. Anti-wrinkle injections soften wrinkles, and dermal filler helps to restore loss of volume in the eye, cheek and mouth areas to prevent and minimise the visible effect of ageing caused by fat loss in the face.
From as early as 45 it is on going. Progression of ageing in the skin and supporting structures is exacerbated with changes in the bone structure. The eye orbit bones actually get bigger creating hollows in the eye areas whereas the jaw tends to get thinner resulting in sagging skin on the jaw area.
The aim of any anti-ageing programme has to have the ability to stimulate cells that produce collagen and elastin as well as stimulate the skin to repair itself. Fibroblasts and stem cells have to be stimulated to produce the benefits to the skin. There is no product that you can purchase from a beauty counter that has this ability; it is possible to see and feel improvements but there will be no long-lasting anti-ageing benefit.
To bring about a visible change and improvement to the appearance of the face as well as preventing and delaying ageing both injectable treatments and Fresh skin treatments would be recommended.